Amberd medieval fortress, which translates as “fortress in the clouds”, stands on the slopes of Mount Aragats, at an altitude of 2300m. It is located on a rocky cliff protected from three sides with deep gorges at the intersection of rivers Amberd and Arkashen. There is only one road which leads to the fortress. This road passes through mountains which makes it impossible to get there in winter.
Amberd fortress was built from the 7th to the 10th centuries by the Armenian Kamsarakan and Pahlavuni princes. The fortress served as the summer residence of Armenian princes. Due to its geographical location, Amberd was one of the most important military-defensive positions of the Armenian kingdom.
Khor Virap monastery is located on the left bank of the Araks River, Ararat region. The name Khor Virap means “deep pit” which symbolizes its history. The monastery was built over an underground dungeon, where Saint Gregory the Illuminator was imprisoned by the Armenian king Trdat for spreading Christanity in Armenia. Filled with snakes and insects the dungeon did not break the faith of St. Gregory. He survived by the grace of a woman who secretly fed him. St. Gregory was imprisoned here for about 14 years until the king Trdat went mad and the king’s sister released Gregory from the jail to cure the mental illness of her brother. In gratitude for being healed the king declared Christianity a state religion in 301 AD, making Armenia the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion. In 642, Armenian catholicos Nerses III built a chapel over the dungeon, which was later destroyed and replaced by a new chapel in the 17th century. Today, travelers can explore the underground pit situated under the altar of the church where the Saint was kept. The beautiful Khor Virap monastery is the closest point to the biblical Mount Ararat and opens one of the most impressive views to it.
Etchmiadzin cathedral, built in 303 AD, after the adoption of Christianity, is the spiritual center of Armenian Apostolic Church. It was built by Saint Gregory the Illuminator after a dream where Christ Himself descended on earth and pointed the place where the cathedral was to be built. The name “Etchmiadzin” translates as the place where the Only Begotten descended. From its foundation the Holy Etchmiadzin, which is often considered the oldest cathedral in the world, has been the seat of the Catholicos, the supreme head of the Armenian Church.
Originally, the Echmiadzin Cathedral was constructed from wood and had a form of basilica. Then it was reconstructed and in the 7th century, the Cathedral was rebuilt in stone. The distinguishing feature of the main cathedral are its altars. Besides the main one, it has three more, two of which are located in the northern and southern niches, the other is in the center and marks the holy site where Christ descended and told St. Gregory the Illuminator to build the temple. Besides the ornaments and other decorations, there are paintings of various holy scenes and more than 120 portraits with the images of saints and apostles.
The monastery complex of Etchmiadzin, included in the UNESCO world heritage list, includes 5 monasteries: Mother Cathedral of Holy Etchmiadzin, St. Hripsime, St. Gayane, St. Shoghakat and St. Virgin Mariam.
Located 15 kms off Yerevan, Zvartnots is one of the magnificent landmarks of medieval Armenian architecture. The temple was constructed in the 7th century by the Armenian Catholicos Nerses the Third, dedicated to Saint Gregory the Illuminator. Later the temple was destroyed by a powerful earthquake in the 10th century. Zvartnots was considered an architectural marvel and served as a prototype for many other Armenian churches. Today even the ruins of this unique architectural structure give us the idea of its rare and majestic beauty. In 1989 the ruins of Zvartnots Temple were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Sevanavank Monastery is one of the most outstanding historical and cultural sites of Armenia, located on the peninsula of the lake Sevan. The monastery, also known as “Mariamashen” (meaning built by Mariam) was founded in the 9th century by Princess Mariam, daughter of the king Ashot I Bagratuni. The first church of the monastery was built by Gregory the Illuminator in 305 after the adoption of Christanity.
The complex consists of two monastic temples – Surb Arakelots and Surb Astvatsatsin standing among numerous khachkars (Armenian cross-stones) of historical importance. It is also well-known for its magnificent view to the lake which makes it one of the most famous tourist destinations of the country.
Geghard Monastery is one of the most stunning monastic complexes of medieval Armenian architecture, located in Kotayk region. This unique monastic complex, part of which is carved in the rock is included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The monastery was founded in the 4th century by Gregory the Illuminator in a cave where he came across a miraculous spring. Saint Gregory originally named it Ayrivank (Ayr meaning cave). This spring still flows in the chapel and people come here to drink its sacred water. Then the monastery was named Geghardavank – the Monastery of Spear. Legend has it that St. Thaddaeus the Apostle brought here the spear with which the Roman soldier had pierced the heart of crucified Christ, the so-called Spear of Destiny. The spear had been kept in the monastery for about 500 years (now it is kept in the Museum of Etchmiadzin). The architecture of the complex is very stunning with some churches entirely carved out of rocks, others a little more than caves. It has unbelievable acoustics- in some places, the sound can be heard even up to 40 seconds, the mystery of which has not yet been revealed.
The pagan temple of Garni is one of the most famous and important tourist attractions of the country, located in Kotayk region, at the left bank of the river Azat. The temple was constructed in the 1st century AD, by the Armenian king Trdat I. It was dedicated to God Mihr, the Armenian pagan god of the Sun. After the adoption of Christianity, all the pagan places of worship were destroyed, except from this one, which is the only pagan structure survived in the country. The temple is a literal masterpiece of pagan, Hellenistic and Greco-Roman architecture. It is constructed of grey basalt, supported by twenty-four columns of the Ionic order: six in the front and back and eight on the sides. The 24 columns symbolize the 24 hours of the day.
The complex, which included a Roman bath, a summer palace of Armenian kings and a 7th-century church, was strategically built on a high hill and surrounded by walls, making it a powerful fortress.
Haghpat Monastery is one the most impressive monasteries in Armenia, located in the village of Haghpat, in Lori region. It was built in the 10th century by the Armenian queen Khosrovanush and was one of the most prominent scientific centers back then, storing a rich and diverse collection of manuscripts. Monks could study medicine, astronomy, philosophy, music, literature, manuscript illumination and more at Haghpat. This monastery complex of major spiritual importance includes the churches of Saint Nshan, Saint Gregory and Saint Astvatsatsin, a churchyard, a repository, a refectory, a bell tower and many cross-stones. These buildings reflect the main characteristics of the medieval Armenian architecture. In 1996 Haghpat Monastery was added to UNESCO’s World Heritage list.
Sanahin Monastery is another eminent spiritual and educational center registered in the UNESCO List of World Cultural Heritage. It was founded in the 10th century and was a major educational center with academies, libraries and schools. The book storage of the monastery was the largest in medieval Armenia. According to the legend, the first church of the complex was founded in the 4th century and the name “Sanahin” means “this is older than the other one”. “The other one” in this case refers to the monastery of Haghpat, located not far from it. The Monastery complex includes the churches of St. Astvatsatsin and St. Amenaprkich with their courtyards, St. Gregory and St. Harutyun chapels, a seminary, a bell tower, a scriptorium, and the mausoleums of the Zakarians and Kyurikians.
Akhtala Monastery Complex is located in the village of Akhtala, Lori region, near the border with Georgia. It was built in the 10th century by the Kiurikid princes and incorporates elements of Armenian, Georgian and Byzantine architecture. The main feature of the complex is the fascinating collection of frescoes covering almost all the interior walls of the main church. The colouring of the frescoes is typical to Byzantine art while the thematic solutions of the miniatures are Armenian. There are inscriptions on the walls in the Greek and Georgian languages. Besides the central church, the complex includes also a small church of St. Basil, ruins of a residential building and traces of other buildings. The fortress walls are quite well-preserved which is the evidence that once it was a very powerful fortification. Aside from that, the fortress stands on the edge of a high canyon and is protected by natural barriers on three sides.
The jewel of medieval Armenian architecture, Tatev Monastery, is located in the region of Syunik, on a high cliff overlooking the right bank of the river Vorotan. It was constructed in the 9th-13th centuries and was the largest religious, cultural and scientific center of medieval Armenia, the political center of Syunik Principality and the residence of the Syunik Bishop. Today the monastery complex consists of three churches: the Blessed Virgin, the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul, and St. Gregory. Previously, it was very hard to reach Tatev Monastery because of the winding road which descended the steep walls of a gorge and crossed Vorotan river by the Devil’s Bridge. As of now, Tatev is easily accessible to everyone by the world’s longest reversible cable car “Wings of Tatev”. This aerial tramway holds the record for the longest non-stop double track cable car (5.7 km). The “flight” over the gorge of incredible view lasts 12 minutes during which you will admire the impressive view of the monastery situated on a rocky plateau above the picturesque gorge and listen its history.
The medieval monastic complex of Goshavank, built in the 12th century, is located 15 km away from the resort town of Dilijan. The monastery is named in honor of the great Armenian scientist, historian and politician Mkhitar Gosh who built the monastery with the support of the Prince Ivane Zakaryan. Mkhitar Gosh worked and lived here for 25 years, founding a school where languages (Armenian, Latin, Greek), Philosophy, Music, Drawing and other disciplines were taught. Thus, the monastery used to be not only a religious, but also an important educational and cultural centre.
The monastery complex includes St. Astvatsatsin, St. Gregory, St. Gregory the Illuminator churches, a book-depository with belfry, school buildings, chapel and many unique cross-stones. The first and central church of the monastery – the Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God is a magnificent example of a dome cathedral in the classical medieval Armenian architectural style. The view of the monastery is majestic because of its location in one of the most picturesque places of Armenia.
Haghartsin Monasery is one of the most mysterious places of the country located high in the woody mountains. The monastery complex, which represents an amazing harmony of architecture and nature, stands 18 km to the north of the resort town of Dilijan. It was founded by the Bagratuni dynasty in the 10th century. The complex includes four churches: Saint Gregory, Saint Astvatsatsin, Saint Katoghike and Saint Stephanos; two courtyards, refectory, prayer halls and many Armenian cross-stones. The main church is Saint Astvatsatsin, which has a hidden room and a secret tunnel under it used for hiding artefacts and escaping during wars or earthquakes. The refectory of the monastery has 12 columns which symbolize the 12 Disciples of Christ. In the 13th century the monastery served not only as a religious center but also as a scientific center.
Noravank Monastery is a true treasure of Armenian religious art. This monastic complex belonging to the 13th century is located over the gorge of the river Arpa, Vayots Dzor region. Noravank is considered an architectural masterpiece created by the eminent sculptor and architect Momik. What makes it especially unique is that Noravank is one of the few monasteries in the world consisting of two floors. The complex includes three churches: Saint Astvatsatsin, Saint Karapet and Saint Grigor, a courtyard and a mausoleum of Duke Smbat. The most magnificent building is St. Astvatsatsin Church constructed by Prince Burtel Orbelyan. The semi-basement first floor serves as the tomb of the Orbelyan family. The second floor connected to the first one by steep stairs is a cross-shaped chapel.
Noravank is a must-see place in Armenia not only for its cultural importance but also for its magnificent location. The stunning architecture of the monastery contrasts amazingly with the red rock cliffs surrounding it. Everything here is unique and in harmony.
Saghmosavank Monastery is located in Aragatsotn region on the right bank of the river Kasakh. The monastery is situated at the edge of a canyon with a fascinating view to the precipitous gorge.
Saghmosavank comes from the word “saghmos” which is the Armenian word for psalm- a spiritual song or a lyric poetry. Legend has it, the first church of the complex was founded by Saint Gregory the Illuminator who taught psalms to clergymen here.
The monastery complex, which was one of the most prominent spiritual and cultural centers of the Middle Ages, includes the church of Saint Sion and St Astvatsatsin, a courtyard, and a writing house. The main church (St Astvatsatsin) was built in 1215 by Prince Vache Vachutyan, It has a Greek-cross style design with two-story vestries in all the corners and cylindrical dome towers in the middle. Once the complex was surrounded by semi-circular gates.
Saghmosavank Monastery was famous for its manuscripts. A number of miniatures-illustrations, theological literature and many works of Armenian historians were created and copied here.
Selim Caravanserai, also known as Orbelian Caravanserai, is a caravanserai in Vayots Dzor region. It was built along the Vardenyats Mountain Pass in the 14th century by prince Chesar Orbelian to bridge the passes of Europe and Middle East and accommodate travelers and their animals while crossing the Silk Road. The caravanserai is constructed of blocks of basalt. It has a single hall divided into three naves with seven pairs of pillars. Animals rested in the narrow aisles to the left and right of the main hall. There was a separate sleeping room built on the western side of the caravanserai for travelers.
The most remarkable heritage of Armenian architecture are the cross-stones, the famous Armenian “Khachkars” (khach” – cross and “kar”- stone) inscribed in the UNESCO list of Intangible Cultural Heritage. These unique cross-stones which have been curved over centuries have become the symbol of Christian Armenia. Noraduz cemetery, located in the region of Gegharkunik, on the shore of the lake Sevan, is the largest graveyard with khachkars in the world. It contains around 900 khachkars of various ages and architectural solutions. The majority of them date back to the 13th – 17th centuries; the most ancient belongs to the 7th century.
The Armenian Stonehenge called Zorats Karer or Karahunj, meaning “Stone Army” and “Speaking Stones” respectively, is situated in the South of Armenia, in the region of Syunik. This is a a unique construction consisting of hundreds of vertically set two-meter stones which form a perfect circle with a dolmen in the middle. According to archaeologists this is an ancient observatory – used for astronomical purposes in prehistoric times. However, the opinions of scientists on its age are quite different. Some say that Karahunj was built in the 3rd millennium BC, while others claim that the complex is about 7500 years old.
According to the Bible, it is on Mount Ararat that Noah’s Ark landed after the Great Flood. Thus, Ararat is considered a Holy Mountain, the place of salvation of mankind and the cradle of the human race. Although it is not in Armenia’s territory today, Mount Ararat is considered to be the national symbol of the country appearing on the country’s coat of arms as well as on many national brands and products.
Mount Ararat stands on the right bank of the river Araks near the border with Turkey. It has two peaks – the Western or Big Ararat (5,165 m) and the Eastern or Little Ararat (3,925 m). Armenians lovingly call these them “two brothers” – Masis and Sis. Big Ararat is covered by a permanent snow cap throughout the whole year.
Ararat can be seen from many corners in Armenia, the most epic ones being from Khor Virap Monastery (the closest point to it), Charents Arch and Cascade.
The blue-eyed beauty of Armenia lake Sevan, also called the “Blue Pearl of Armenia”, is one of the largest freshwater high-altitude lakes in the world, situated at an altitude of 1,900 meters above sea level. Sometimes it seems that the water surface is about to touch the sky. With a surface area of 1240 square meters Sevan is surrounded by mountain ranges. The beauty of Sevan landscapes is especially marvelous from the Sevan peninsula. Sevanavank monastery located on the peninsula has become one of the most famous tourist destinations of the country for the stunning view of the blue water and clear sky which will take your breath away.
Aragats is the highest mountain of Armenia composed of four peaks: South – 3879 m, West – 4080 m, East – 3916 m and the North, which is the highest one – 4090 m. Historians connect the origins of the name with the Armenian king Ara the Beautiful and his Imperial Throne.
The mountain is known not only for its incredible beauty, but also for its magnificent cultural heritage which include dozens of testimonies belonging to the Paleolithic era, huge dragon stones established next to water sources, ancient irrigation networks and incredible samples of Medieval Armenian architecture – Amberd fortress, Byurakan observatory, etc. At an altitude of 3200 m there is a picturesque lake, called Kari, where one can play with snow even on hot summer days.
Debed Canyon, located in the region of Lori, is one of the most attractive sites in Armenia. The depth of the Debed gorge itself reaches 350 meters. The canyon lies along the Debed river which for Armenian people is associated with mystery and horror. This is reflected in one of the poems of famous Armenian writer Hovhannes Tumanyan, where the protagonist goes mad spending a night alone in the gorge.
There are many historical monuments in the coastal area of the river Debed: Haghpat and Sanahin monasteries listed as UNESCO World heritage, Akhtala Medieval Fortress, Kobayr monastery, unique cross-stones and many other monuments.
The breathtaking Garni Canyon, lying across the length of the Azat River and its confluent Goght in the region of Kotayk, is a composition of gorgeous vertical cliffs and natural rocks of amazing beauty. The most fantastic part of it is the so called “Symphony of stones”, a natural monument protected by law. Consisting of huge paradoxically symmetric hexagon and pentagon basalt columns (nearly 50 meters high) it is said to have been formed after a volcanic eruption. Since the rocks have the appearance of long vertical pillars of hexagonal shape and are commonly associated with the church organ, the monument is also referred to as “Basalt Organ”. It is really hard to believe that these neatly and symmetrically carved stones could have been created by nature and not by human hands.
The resort town of Dilijan (Tavush region) known for its curative mineral waters, beautiful forests, valleys and gorges is located in the heart of the richest national park in Transcaucasia – Dilijan National Park. It is often referred to as “Armenian Switzerland” due to its rich nature with lush green forested area and crystal lakes in the midst of these dense green forests.
Occupying 33 000 hectares, the Dilijan National Park is one of the coziest corners of Armenian nature, famous for its crystal-clear air, rich flora and fauna. It is divided into three zones: reserve, economic and recreation. Dilijan National Park is an ideal place for outdoor activities including hiking, flower-watching, birdwatching, mountain biking and so on. Moreover, for those interested in eco-tourism, 11 eco-routes with explanatory signs and road markings have been separated in the recreation zone.
Arpa Protected Landscape (formerly Gnishik), is located in the region of Vayots Dzor, near Noravank Monastery (because of its proximity to the monastery it is also called “Noravank Gorge”). The canyon area is famous for its rich flora and fauna and for the numerous caves, where ancient shoes and traditional wine making facilities from the Chalcolithic period have been found. This area has been recognized as an Important Bird Area (IBA) for hosting some globally endangered bird species. Moreover, it hosts one of the country’s most treasured animals, the Caucasian Leopard. The road to Noravank Monastery is stunning with spectacular rock formations made by volcanic activity which change their colors according to the time of the day.
30 kilometers from the famous Tatev Monastery, a swinging bridge weighing 14 tons connects Old Khndzoresk with New Khndzoresk. This bridge spans 160 meters across the scenic gorge of breathtaking beauty. Khndzoresk, being situated in a deep canyon, was called “Khor Dzor” or “Khordzoresk”, meaning “Deep Canyon”, which was later renamed as «Khndzoresk».
The Old Khndzoresk was one of the largest villages of Eastern Armenia. This cave village of major historical importance consists of manmade caves where people used to live until 1950s. According to the sources the population living here grew to 15,000 people who lived in 3000 houses most of which were dug into the rock. There were 2 churches and 3 schools, which tells not only about the huge population, but also about the active cultural and spiritual life of the village.
Lake Arpi is one of the hidden beauties of Armenia, located on the plateau of Ashotsk, in the region of Shirak. It’s the second most important water source in Armenia after Sevan located 2025 m above sea level. In 2009 a national park has been created around the lake in order to protect the natural environment of about 670 species of plants, 30 species of mammals, 90 species of butterflies and 200 species of birds living in the area. 22 species of the plants and 40 of birds living here are recorded in Armenian Red Data Book. The National Park comprises also a number of other small lakes, rivers and wetlands.
Khosrov State Reserve is located in the historical territory of Khosrov Forest, in the region of Ararat. It is one of the earliest protected areas in the world founded in the 4th century as a hunting ground by Armenian king Khosrov III. In an area of about 23,000 hectares, it boasts unique diversity of Asian and European flora and fauna.
More than 1850 species of plants are grown in the territory, 80 species of which are listed in the Red Book of Armenia and 24 species are endemic types. Fauna encapsulates more than 1500 species. The most famous ones are brown bear (Ursus arctos syriacus), bezoar goat (Capra aegagrus) and Caucasian leopard (Panthera pardus ciscaucasica), registered in the Red Book of Armenia.
The next peculiarity of the reserve is its rich historical and cultural heritage preserving ancient cultural amenities, historical-architectural monuments, cave settlements, ancient medieval monasteries and cross-stones.
The splendid diversity of landscapes, rich biological diversity, huge variety of untouched forests makes the reserve a unique place not only in Armenia but also in the whole Caucasus region.
The History Museum of Armenia, located in the Republic Square of Yerevan, was founded in 1919. About 400, 000 art crafts of the Armenian Highlands from the prehistoric times to our days are exhibited in the museum. Consisting of Archeology, Numismatics, Ethnography, New and Modern History Departments the museum displays a great number of precious works of Armenian architecture, archaeology, ethnography, history and carries out scientific programs on Armenian history and culture. So, this is the best place to receive information on the history and culture of the Armenian people.
The National Gallery, founded in 1921, is the biggest Gallery of Armenia located in the Republic Square of Yerevan, in the same building as the History Museum. The Gallery’s collection contains more than 26,000 items of fine and applied arts represented in 56 exhibition halls. Here you can find the works of world-famous artists like Hovhannes Aivazovsky, Martiros Saryan, Minas Avetisyan, Tortoretton, Auguste Roden, Mark Chagall, Peter Paul Rubens, Gustav Korben and many others. The Gallery consists of four departments: Armenian Department with a collection of 7000 exhibits; Foreign Countries Painting Department with works of European and Russian painters; Sculpture Department with approximately 1200 objects of sculpture collection presenting Armenian and foreign sculptors and, finally, Graphic Art Department with 12000 exhibits of unique graphics art and printing graphic art.
Matenadaran founded in 1959, is one of the world’s largest storage of ancient manuscripts. The repository contains more than 17.000 manuscripts, 450.000 documents, and 3000 ancient books covering all the areas of ancient and medieval Armenian culture and science: history, geography, grammar, philosophy, law, medicine, mathematics, literature, miniature painting, music, etc. The oldest manuscript kept here is the “Vehamor Avetaran” dating back to the 8th century. Here you will see the biggest Armenian book “Msho Charyntir” (weights 28 kg) and the smallest one (190g). In addition to Armenian manuscripts, it stores manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Assyrian, Latin, Ethiopian, Indian, Japanese and other languages. Matenadaran is not only a depository of ancient manuscripts but also a scientific research institute of manuscripts. It is named after Mesrop Mashtots, the creator of Armenian alphabet and is considered a real national treasure representing the richness of the Armenian culture and history.
Cafesjian Center is an art museum located in the center of Yerevan, in the famous Cascade Complex. The founder of the museum was a famous Armenian businessman Gerard Cafesjiann who contributed his private collection to the museum. It exhibits more than 5,000 works of art of famous artists such as Fernando Botero, Stanislav Libenský, Jaroslava Brychtová, Hiroshi Yamano, Dale Chihuly, Bohumil Elias, Bertil Vallien, Pavel Hlava, Lino Tagliapietra, Mark Peiser and many others. In addition to the exhibition of unique works of modern art, it displays a number of unique pieces of contemporary art. The museum consists of two separate sections: the external “Cafesjian Sculpture Garden”, and the internal “Cafesjian Art Galleries”. Thus, one can admire many impressive sculptures of Cafesjian exhibition while climbing the stairs of Cascade.
Erebuni museum, founded in 1968, is one of the important museums of Armenia. The fortress, also known as Arin Berd, was founded in 782 BC by the king Argishti I of the Urartu Kingdom. The date of the foundation of the modern capital Yerevan is considered the date of the construction of the fortress and the name Yerevan etymologically derives from the name of Erebuni, meaning “the city of freedom”.
Erebuni fortress was a powerful military base and a strategic object of Urartu kingdom. Also, it was one of the major economic, political and cultural centres at that time.
Apparently, some major part of the 2800-year-old fortress did not endure to this day. Some parts of the fortress were restored and remained in the museum which includes Arin Berd, Karmir Blur, Shengavit branches in which you will see a huge collection of artifacts, sups, jars, ceramics, bronze bracelets and many other things that tell us about the life of the citadel. All of these tools were found during excavations. Here you will see the passport of Yerevan which is a cuneiform inscription on the establishment of Erebuni town.
Sergey Parajanov is one of the most prominent figures of the Armenian cinema and the movie industry in general. He was a Soviet Armenian film director and artist who contributed a lot in the development of the Soviet cinematography through Armenian, Ukrainian, and Georgian cinema. The Sergey Parajanov’s Museum, founded in 1988, is one of the most popular museums in Yerevan known for its unique exhibitions. The fantasy, mystery and artistry of his works will impress anyone visiting the museum, which represents Parajanov’s artistic and literary heritage with more than 600 of his artworks including installations, drawings, dolls, hats and collages. Many famous people such as Vladimir Putin, Paulo Coelho, Wim Wenders, Donald Knuth, Enrica Antonioni, Arnold Rüütel, Tarja Halonen and others have visited this impressive cultural center. It has organized about 50 exhibitions in Moscow, Hollywood, Tokyo, Rome, Cannes, Athens and Tehran.
If you want to get a little taste of Armenian culture and to get to know the Armenian temperament you should visit Vernissage. It is an open-air market and an exhibition displaying different Armenian artworks and handmade items. It offers various kinds of national souvinirs, rugs, bags, paintings, jewelry and other traditional items.
The Armenian Genocide Memorial Complex or Tsitstsernakaberd is dedicated to the commemoration of the victims of the Armenian Genocide. The memorial, built in 1967 in Yerevan, includes the Armenian Genocide Museum-Institute, opened in 1995.
The Armenian Genocide was realized by the Ottoman government in 1915. Around 1.5 million Armenians were exterminated, driven from their homes and marched until they died. Around 270 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders were murdered. Millions of Armenians emigrated and spread all over the world.
This place is very important for all the Armenians. Every year on Remembrance Day (April 24) we gather there to commemorate the victims of the massacre putting flowers around the eternal fire for the innocent victims. The Museum, the mission of which is to recognize the Armenian genocide as an unacceptable terrible act, exhibits photographs, documents, books, reports and films related to the genocide.
Mother Armenia Military Museum, founded in 1970, is located in Victory Park under the monument of Mother Armenia standing high on a hill. The 22-meter figure of Mother Armenia is one of the main symbols of the capital, symbolizing peace through strength. It shows that not only men but also women struggled for the independence of Armenia.
The museum features more than 30,000 exhibits and consists of 2 main themes with military exhibits dedicated to the Armenia’s role in the First World War and in the liberation of the Republic of Artsakh.
The Museum of Folk Art in Armenia, founded in 1978, is a unique cultural center in Yerevan with a branch in Dilijan (Tavush Region). It is the center of culture where samples of Armenian arts and crafts and fine arts from different eras are exhibited. The Museum houses about 12,000 exhibits of traditional Armenian rugs, carpets, jewelry, ceramics, paintings, metal and stone carving, embroidery and many other samples of decorative and applied art.